Valorisation begins with the development of new and optimized valorisation methods for existing products such as biogas as well as the development of new bio- products, which will ultimately be biodegradable. The next step looks at producing biofertilizers, typically compost or digestate. Lastly, the final step implies opening new markets and applications for these products, through the development of new business models on the supply side and the adoption of new procurement guidelines and the demand side.
Biowaste valorisation decision support tool
The City of Apeldoorn seeks to develop and pilot valorisation options for biowaste from public spaces such as leaves, grass, and prunings and involve key stakeholders in this process. In preparation of pilot demonstration actions for the innovative reuse of biowaste from public spaces, the City of Apeldoorn developed a decision tool that connects the biowaste from public spaces with the possible users in the circular biobased economy. This decision tool enables Apeldoorn to decide on how to select, collect, store and treat biowaste to be able to deliver optimal biowaste to different users...read more
Business case development tool
The City of Apeldoorn seeks to develop and pilot valorisation options for biowaste from public spaces such as leaves, grass, and prunings and involve key stakeholders in this process. During the preparation phase of CityLoops (Months 1-18) promising valorisation options were selected. During the demonstration phase (Months 19-48) it will be explored to which extent those selected valorisation options are techno-economically, socially and environmentally sound business cases...read more
Procurement guide for the usage of biogas as a motive power
This tool can be utilised as a guide for reducing unprocessed organic waste creation and promote the utilisation of organic waste in biogas production. It aims to support the procurement of public transportation and logistics services in a way that the reduction of carbon dioxide emissions is eminent and the demand of biogas as a motive power is included in the tenders...read more
Guide for organic waste management in public procurement
This tool can be utilised as a general guide for managing organic waste creation and handling in public procurement and public procurement related processes and functions. This tool aims to enhance the collection and sorting of organic waste and reducing carbon dioxide emissions in services and functions based on public procurement in the City of Mikkeli. It also aims to enhance the utilisation of organic waste. Further on...read more
Circular procurement guidelines for the social economy and tourism sector
Circular procurement guidelines were developed to improve public and tourism and social economy sector procurement. The set of guidelines focuses on canteen and catering services on one side, and the maintenance of urban green spaces, on the other side - meaning that this tool is intended to support green spaces management by Porto Municipality and by social institutions and the tourism sector, which will also develop the Sustainable Green Space certification system...read more
Circularity decision making support tool
This tool is designed to assist social institutions, hotels, restaurants, citizens, and tourists in assessing the circularity impacts of their catering decisions. The tool offers clear guidance for users towards the most circular catering choice, based on a scoring system, on what to do each time organic material is used, bought, eaten, or discarded, with priority based on the hierarchy of the Lansink Ladder. Users can insert measures framed in 5 distinct stages in the management of organic flows in their business model...read more
New treatment and final product optimisation techniques
This implementation plan/report describes the methods to be used for biogas research in the demonstration phase of the CityLoops project as well as the results obtained in the preliminary test. A number of innovative processes and technologies are presented, including mechanical preliminary treatment, waste treatment techniques such as optimized dry fermentation, and final product optimization, such as fractioning, pelletizing, and drying. Biochar will be used as an additive component in the laboratory scale studies. It enables more complex functional properties of the productized fertilizer such as water and nutrient storage. The use of electrochemical methods to recover nutrients from rejection waters of the dry digestion process will be tested in the laboratory scale.
- Full report - to come
Finnish bio-waste collection and treatment systems
This report is a preparatory analysis of the current waste collection and treatment system in biowaste in Finland and more concretely in Mikkeli, with the aim to improve the collection and sorting of biowaste and to develop viable business models using the waste. It lists volumes of both municipal solid waste and high quality biowaste collected. Based on this the report lists potential business cases for the reuse, recycling and valorisation of biowaste, which will be further developed during the demonstration phase of the project.
- Full report - to come